Histadrut or the General Organisation of Workers in Israel is Israels national trade union centre, representing the majority of trade unionists in the State of Israel. With its 700,000 members, it accounts for five-sixths of Israels unionised population. The Histadrut Leumi is a distant second with 100,000 members, followed by two newer union groups, Koach L’Ovdim (Power to the Workers) with a membership of 35,000 and WAC-MAAN with a membership of 2500.
Established in December 1920 in Mandatory Palestine, the Histadrut soon became one of the most powerful institutions in pre-state Israel.
The Histadrut is an affiliate of the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) and is an active participant in the ITUC Asia Pacific Regional Organisation ((ITUC – AP). Prior to establishment of the ITUC in 2006, the Histadrut was a member of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU).
The Histadrut is also a member of several Global Union Federations (GUFs).
In 2012, the OECD estimated that Israel had trade union density of 23%, compared to Australia at 18.2%. In 2016, OECD data specified Australia had a trade union density of 14.5%.